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How to Install Low-Voltage Lighting in Your…

You can easily make your garden or backyard pop this summer and spring by installing low-voltage landscape lighting for illuminating flower beds, fences, and any other features on your landscape.

Lighting up a landscape involves large and several types of lighting fixtures suitable for the outdoor environment. These lighting fixtures are weatherproof and versatile. You can use them to illuminate flower beds, fences, pathways, driveways, trees, doorways, walls, and more.

You can find landscape lighting fixtures that work at the normal home voltage of 120v. For DIY installations, it is advisable to use low-voltage lighting systems that basically operate at 12 volts. Such lighting systems are safer to use, easy to install and they consume less energy.

Main Components of a Landscape Lighting System

There’re many types of lighting systems categorized as low-voltage, and accessories come in multiple sizes, colors, styles, and finishes. No matter how complex the system might be, they all have four major components:

1. Transformer

All low-voltage systems are powered through a transformer. The transformer is basically plugged into an outdoor power socket that is GFCI-protected. It works by stepping down electrical current from the regular 120 volts down to a low voltage of 12 volts. In most instances, these transformers come with a timer that works 24/7 such that you can decide the time that the outdoor lights will automatically go either on or off.
Basically, transformers are categorized according to their maximum output in terms of wattage. Most models have a wattage output of 44 – 900 watts. You can determine the size of the transformer ideal for you by adding up the total wattage of lighting systems in your landscape. For instance, if you are planning to install 10 light fixtures, each rated as 18 watts, you should go for a transformer that can output 180 or more watts.

2. A Low-Voltage Power Cable

This cable is specifically designed for underground cabling in a landscape. The cable is connected from the system’s transformer to all lighting fixtures installed on the landscape. The cable typically comes in 12 or 14 or 16 gauges. A lower gauge number translates to thicker wire and greater capacity.

The power cable you will need will mainly depend on the cabling length you need and the transformer size. For instance, a transformer rated as 300 watts can be used for powering a 16-gauge power cable measuring 100 feet or a 14-gauge power cable measuring 150 feet, or a 12-gauge power cable measuring 200 feet. Always check from the manufacturer when determining the ideal size of a power cable for your lighting system.

3. Pathway Lights

Pathway lights are specially designed for lighting driveways and walkways. This fixture is one of the most elegant and stylish landscape lighting. Plated-metal or shiny copper fixtures in these lights stand out the most while brown, green or black colours tend to blend well in outdoor surroundings.

4. Accent Fixtures

Accent lights are great for any kind of landscape lighting systems. They are more of specialty fixture that is mostly hidden from the view of passersby. They include up lights, spotlighted, wall-wash, and floodlights fixtures. These fixtures are usually used for shining some light in flower beds, walls, trees, ponds, fences, shrubs or any other landscape feature.

Tips for Installation

Installing regular low-voltage landscaping lighting systems requires three key steps as follows:
1. Laying the power cable
2. Transformer installation
3. Connecting all the lights

1. Laying the Power Cable

The first step is laying the power cable. Basically, you should start with laying the lighting systems on the spots you are intending to have them installed. Ensure you space the lighting fixtures 8-10 feet between each other. Once done, unroll the power cable and then lay it beside the light fixtures. In case you come across an obstacle, say a fence, tree or boulder, roll the cable around or under the obstacle.

Get a square-bladed shovel and use it to make a 2-3 inches deep trench extending along the stretch you will be installing the lighting fixtures. As you make the trench, try to make it straight as much as you can, but it’s not a must to make it perfectly straight. Thus, us you happen to hit a root one rock, just dig around it. Also, you will not have to remove dirt or debris as you make the trench. Just dig normally while making a V-shaped, deep trench.

Now set the power cable along the trench while pushing it down to ensure it settles at the bottom of the trench. You can push it using narrow 0.5 inch plywood. Avoid using a shovel or any other tools to push the cable as such tools can easily slice the cable and cause a short circuit.

2. Transformer Installation

A low-voltage electric cable comes with two insulated copper wires tied together. All you will need to do is to peel the wires apart to get 4 inches of free wire. Use a wire stripper to remove around 5/8 inches of the insulated wire from both sides. Once done, slide both wires into a retaining strap at the back side of the power transformer. Insert one of the wires into the screw terminal labeled A and the second wire into the B terminal. Tighten both screws to ensure that the wires are well secured.

Upon securing the wires into the transformer, drive a 2 by 6 pressure treated stake down the ground right next to the outdoor power outlet. Next, attach the electric transformer onto the stake using stainless-steel or galvanized screws. Use insulated staples to secure the power cable onto the stake.

3. Connecting all the Lights

You may now start connecting all the lights. First, attach a cover on the outdoor power outlet to protect it from snow and rain while still allowing easy access. Next, plug the power cord of the transformer into the outdoor power socket. Connect each and every lighting fixture onto the electric cable. Most lighting fixtures for landscapes are usually prewired with snap-on and user-friendly connectors. You will simply pinch each connector into the power cable. The connectors have sharp prongs that pierce easily into the cable to make good contact with both wires inside the cable. Now that you have already connected the transformer into a power outlet, the light fixture you just attached will light up. In case it doesn’t, try pulling out the specific connector and reconnect or check whether the light bulb is attached properly.

Once everything is functioning properly, lift the lighting fixture and put it in a standing position. Push the pointed stake into the soil and ensure it is deep, straight and firm enough. Push it in carefully to avoid hitting the buried electric cable. Repeat this procedure on all other light fixtures one by one. Upon installing all the light fixtures, fill the trench using top soil. You can top up the soil with some grass seeds.

The post How to Install Low-Voltage Lighting in Your Landscape appeared first on Castle Hill Electrician Pros.

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The Cost to Update Wiring in an Old House

When it comes to home electrical systems, it is always better to be safe than sorry. If you live in an old house, it is worth looking into whether or not you might need to replace your wiring in order to protect your home. At Expert Electric, we know how much it costs to update the electrical wiring of an old house as well as how big of an undertaking it can be, which is why our certified electricians always strive to ensure that the process is completed as quickly and non-invasively as possible.

The Cost of Rewiring an Old Home

Although rewiring a home is a large job, the cost of rewiring an old home is usually far cheaper than the price of repairing a home due to an electrical fire, which can be incredibly common with old wiring systems. The cost of rewiring a home can have a massive range depending on a variety of factors, including:

Square Footage

The larger the home is, the more the rewiring job will cost. A home with more square footage will require more materials and work to rewire, so consider the size of the old home when looking into rewiring it.

Methods Used to Access Wiring

There are various ways to rewire a home. One option is to remove drywall to access the wires all at once, but this method is invasive, expensive, and time consuming. Another less expensive option is to make small, strategic cuts and fish the wires through the walls, ceiling, and floor. If a home has an unfinished basement, it is often possible to run the wires through the old home’s floor joists.

Quality of New Materials

In order to ensure that the new electrical system lasts as long as possible, it is important to use high-quality materials that can support a wide range of appliances. This is also a good opportunity to install a few upgrades, such as USB outlets, new light fixtures, additional power sources, or different heating options, all of which will influence the price of the electrical upgrade.

Electrician Hired

One of the biggest influencing factors of how much it costs to rewire an old home is the electrician hired to do the job. Make sure that you do your research and that the electrician you bring in has experience doing home renovations and that they will do a good job to save you from future expenses.

To learn more about how much it costs to update electrical wiring in an old house, or to discuss any of our residential or commercial services, contact Expert Electric at 604-681-8338. Our certified electricians help with electrical projects of every size all across BC.

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Electricians Digest



Creating opportunity for electrical
workers is what the IBEW is all about. 
That’s why the majority of commercial/industrial electricians in the
Puget Sound area belong to the union. 
The union provides electricians greater opportunity than any one
electrical contractor can possibly provide.

The examples are


Training Opportunities: 
Whether you are an apprentice or a journeyman the training opportunities
through the IBEW are absolutely the finest around, that is why the top students
in the non-represented apprenticeships almost all end up as union apprentices or
come into the IBEW at graduation. 
Journeyman training whether you are taking a CEU class or are learning
about fire alarm or attending a photovoltaic class all the training is paid for,
you only pay for books or a lab fee. 

Check out our training facilities webs
site in the apprenticeship section here at electricians digest and check out the
classes available.   All the
info is right there on the web site whether you live in Aberdeen or Bellingham
the information is right there at your fingertips.  Even if you are not yet in the union you
can still attend our trainings you just have pay for it which is still less than
the other training centers.  We are
also offering low cost training on some classes for journeyman, trainees and


Work Opportunities:  The three IBEW local unions in Puget
Sound have a contract with more than 300 electrical contractors doing
commercial, residential and industrial work in our areas.  This provides electricians the
opportunity to work where you want and for who you want.  Union electricians have a lot more work
opportunities with a larger pool of contractors. 


Most union electricians stay with one
contractor for years, some spend their whole career with the same
contractor.  And lets put to rest
that tired old non-union contractor fear that union workers do not work, “you
will be sitting on the book”.  How
many times have you heard that?  Why
would anyone belong to an organization where you did not get to work at your
craft when you wished to work, remember the vast majority of electricians in our
area are in the union because they do get to work year round and have more work

Medical: The opportunity for full family
medical, dental, and prescription and optical is standard for union electricians
in our area, no employee premiums. 
Health care is expensive and we have made an effort to get the best value
for our health care dollar.  All of
our plans are structured so you can build up enough coverage to allow you to
take time off without losing coverage. 
You can build up to eleven months worth of extended coverage for you and
your family.  No employee premiums
allows you to spend your money on other family needs, not health care, which is
fully funded by the employers.


Pensions: The three locals in Puget Sound have
different pension plans.  But all
the pensions are fully funded by the employers who contribute up to $7 an hour
on your behalf to provide security for your later years.  We have not been able to identify a
single electrician in the unrepresented sector who has retired on a company
pension plan not one! 


Union electricians retire any time after
they reach 55 years of age as long as you have enough years in the plan.  All three Puget Sound locals have at
least two plans you will participate in. 
A secure well-funded pension plan is your key to security in later life
and the opportunities from having those pension plans is immense. 


If you decide to work in New York,
Dallas or Spokane your pension and medical contributions are shipped to your
home plan here in Puget Sound so your pension contributions build throughout
your career and you have continuity of medical benefits for you and your


There are just more opportunities
working for a union contractor.  
The chance at advancement and running work and the economic incentives
that are part and parcel of taking on more responsibilities are always available
to good electricians.  The Overtime
provisions that are paid by union contractors to their electricians are just not
matched by the unrepresented contractors. 
All these and many more opportunities just make working for a union
contractor the right choice.


Work opportunities are abundant in all
three IBEW locals so give us a call or fill in the survey on this web site.   There is no better time to give
yourself the opportunity to broaden your career in the electrical industry.  You probably know someone who is already
a member of the electrician’s union talk with them and they can tell you about
the opportunities they enjoy.  Or
just give us a call and we will sit down and discuss your options.  


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The Common Electrical Mistakes


If your house requires electrical repairs, then you need to look for an electrician as sorting them out yourself can ultimately be very dangerous and cause a lot of damage in terms of money. It is easy to underestimate the complexities of the services that an electrician carries out and think that you will be able to address the issue without any help. When working with electricity safety is the first course of action, and an average person is often unaware of certain safety measures and the problems that come with it. Some common mistakes to avoid when working with electricity who knows little about the safety include:

Trying to use incorrect sized wires and cables

Wires of different size are used for different jobs and purposes, also indicating the areas it should be used for. If the wrong sized wire is used for electrical currents, overheating or shortage of fuse can be the result. Learn the importance of the wire and devices, rating them for the amperage they carry is for the best.


Incorrect fixing of outlets and switches

Outlets and switches that are dangling from the wall are considered dangerous. If the outlets are plugged in too lose the wires can loosen and cause arcing and overheating. If you have lost outlets and switches contact an electrician immediately.

Faulty connections in electrical boxes

The primary purpose of electrical boxes is to provide protection from external elements. Do not try to make connections outside electrical boxes and if you need an extension, try using a metal or plastic box. It is also dangerous to overfill boxes with connections which will increase the risk of short-circuiting.


Replacements of fuse

If the fuse keeps blowing and needs to be replaced, again and again, try using a bigger fuse or a breaker. It is often the case that there is something wrong with the circuit wiring and needs a professional and a qualified electrician to find the fault and fix it. This is one of the major causes of home fires and continually replacing fuses will also cause more damage than required.

Loose fuse connection

It is one of the essential things that you connect your fuse tightly and it is correctly placed. If connections are loose, appliances will flicker, causing them to go rogue. In the worst case scenario, circuits will overheat. If you suspect that there is any problem with your fuse connection, contact an electrician immediately and if you are inspecting them yourself, make sure that breakers are off while you examine. As you are not a qualified professional electrician, there is still the danger of safety. Try to keep you and your family safe by getting you electrical box tested and examined regularly.

The Truth About Porn – How Porn Effects Relationships


The Truth About Porn – How Porn Effects Relationships

What are some of the more common signs that a couple might be having relationship problems that are centered around pornography usage or visits to Athens call girl or Athens call girls?

Again, like I said an easy way to identify if you have a porn addiction is hyper-stimulation or mental desensitization, which is really the cause behind almost 90% of cases of ED and is in fact nearly 100% the cause in men under the age of 40, ED is NOT supposed to be a normal occurrence in young men, and it never has been throughout all of the history of man.

However, The Truth About Porn is that the over saturation of pornographic images in our culture has “blown a sexual fuse” with many young teens and men especially, although  now in increasing numbers of women.

There have always been natural cures for erectile dysfunction, from the Far East to the Middle East. Even Americans have some of their own recipes that are organic and natural to this land, but the problem is that most men go and seek drugs right away to solve their problems.


The truth about porn is that you can even call pornography a drug to appoint…

It certainly does help stimulate the blood flow to any of the sexual organs, and it sure does do a quick-that is part of the attraction. But the truth about porn is just like anything else-too much of a good thing is a bad thing.

You get used to it and thus you must up dosage, think about lifting weights and how you increase the weight over time, this is the exact same practice and technique. Thus, the use of pornography may be slow at first but you will find over a couple months reading year span of time.

The simple spare time have it can end up becoming a daily or bi-daily addiction which feels like you cannot surpass another day without looking at pornography.

Sadly, the truth about porn is when you stop porn- visualization without pornography, the orgasms are usually lacking in power, pleasure, and even take longer and are harder to reach.

Of course this is only initially after getting off a what you would call addiction to porn

However, once you use begin using your imagination and visualization practice, everything becomes normal again and usually erectile dysfunction becomes a thing of the past within a month or two. Don’t let porn give you a lazy mind/lazy dick(& pussy) “syndrome.” Visit Athens call girl or Athens call girls and live it live!

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